a kangal shepherd dog in the garden

Introducing the Kangal Shepherd Dog

Discover all there is to know about the Kangal Shepherd Dog: its characteristics, behavior, training, and its cost.


The Kangal Shepherd Dog: an ancient guardian

a Kangal Shepherd Dog lying on the ground

The Kangal Shepherd Dog, originating from the Sivas region of Turkey, is an ancient breed with deep-rooted guarding instincts. Historically, it has been used to protect sheep and goats from predators, including wolves and bears, owing to its strength and vigilance. In modern times, the Kangal Shepherd Dog is recognized for its protective nature, making it a beloved breed among families and farmers alike.

This breed's resilience and bravery allow it to excel in various areas, including guarding, companionship, and rescue. Despite its size and guarding instincts, the Kangal Shepherd Dog is affectionate and loyal to its family, making it a great companion. Early socialization is key to ensuring harmonious relationships with children and other pets.


This section outlines the unique features of the Kangal Shepherd Dog breed.


The Kangal Shepherd Dog belongs to the livestock guardian group 2. These dogs are bred to protect livestock from predators and maintain the safety of the flock.


The Kangal Shepherd Dog is a large breed, with males ranging from 65-78 cm at the withers and females slightly smaller.

Coat length

The Kangal Shepherd Dog has a dense double coat, providing ample protection from harsh weather conditions.

Coat color

The Kangal Shepherd Dog's coat can vary in shades of fawn or tan, with a distinctive black mask on its face. Variations within the fawn color can range from light beige to dark tan.

Living environment

The Kangal Shepherd Dog adapts best to outdoor environments, particularly those with ample space to roam.


The Kangal Shepherd Dog is generally sociable and friendly towards its family. It can coexist harmoniously with children and other pets when properly socialized, emphasizing its adaptability.


The Kangal Shepherd Dog is generally healthy, though it may be predisposed to joint issues and hip dysplasia. Regular veterinary check-ups can help manage these conditions.


The Kangal Shepherd Dog is intelligent and protective, making it trainable with patience and kindness. Early training and socialization are essential to channel its instincts effectively.

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The Kangal Shepherd Dog imposing majesty

The Kangal Shepherd Dog is a large and imposing breed, known for its balanced and muscular build. Its coat, ranging from light to dark fawn, provides a smooth and sleek appearance, with a distinctive black mask marking its face.

Size and weight of the Kangal Shepherd Dog

a kangal shepherd dog sitting on the grass

The Kangal Shepherd Dog is a sizeable breed, with males typically measuring between 29 and 32 inches at the withers, and females ranging from 27 to 30 inches. Males generally weigh between 110 and 145 pounds, while females range from 88 to 120 pounds.

The breed grows relatively quickly, with puppies gaining significant weight in the first few months. By 18 months to 2 years of age, the Kangal Shepherd Dog reaches its final size and weight, maintaining its imposing stature throughout its life.

The coat of the Kangal Shepherd Dog

a kangal shepherd staring intently ahead.

Coat length

The Kangal Shepherd Dog has a short to medium-length coat, consisting of a dense double layer. The outer coat is coarse, providing protection from the elements, while the undercoat is thick and insulating, aiding the dog in adapting to various climates.

Coat color

The Kangal Shepherd Dog's coat typically comes in shades of fawn or tan, with a characteristic black mask on its face. The variations within this color range contribute to the breed's unique and distinctive appearance.

An kangal shepherd by a river

Coat care

The Kangal Shepherd Dog's coat is relatively easy to maintain. It sheds moderately year-round, with more shedding occurring during seasonal molting periods. Regular brushing is recommended, especially during molting, to remove loose hair and maintain the coat's health and appearance.

Occasional bathing, only when necessary, suffices to keep the dog clean, as the breed's coat is somewhat self-cleaning.

Other characteristics of the Kangal Shepherd Dog

an kengal shepherd dog walking, in profile

Physical features

The Kangal Shepherd Dog is a balanced and well-proportioned breed. Its head is broad and strong, with a square-shaped muzzle and a characteristic black mask. The breed's dark brown eyes are deep-set, giving it a keen, attentive expression.

The ears are medium-sized and triangular, set high on the head, adding to its alert demeanor. The Kangal Shepherd Dog's body is muscular and athletic, with a strong build that aids its protective instincts. The breed has a long, sturdy tail, often carried low.


What is the temperament of the Kangal Shepherd Dog?

The Kangal Shepherd Dog is a loyal, protective, and affectionate breed, forming strong bonds with its family. It is a reliable guardian and an excellent companion.

Kangal Shepherd Dog category

several kangals shepherd dogs together

There are currently around 400 breeds of dogs, divided into 10 groups. The Kangal Shepherd Dog belongs to the livestock guardian group, which includes breeds like the Great Pyrenees and Maremma Sheepdog. Breeds in this group are known for their strong protective instincts and guarding skills.

The Kangal Shepherd Dog's remarkable intelligence and loyalty make it an ideal guardian and companion. The primary role of the Kangal Shepherd Dog is to protect livestock, but it also excels as a family companion and protector, balancing its guarding instincts with its affectionate nature.

Behaviour of the Kangal Shepherd Dog

an kangal shepherd dog reaching out to a person

A steadfast protector

The Kangal Shepherd Dog is known for its steadfast and calm demeanor, making it an excellent companion. This breed is extremely affectionate and forms strong bonds with its owner, offering protection and loyalty.

The Kangal Shepherd Dog thrives with a present and attentive owner who can provide the attention needed for its development.

two kangal shepherd puppies playing together

A sociable companion

The Kangal Shepherd Dog is generally friendly and generous, getting along well with humans and other animals. This breed's affectionate nature and tolerance make it a great companion for children.

However, it is essential to work on sociability from a young age to ensure harmonious relationships with people and other pets.

The Kangal Shepherd Dog's living environment

portrait of a kangal happily sticking out its tongue

A sturdy protector

The Kangal Shepherd Dog can adapt to different living environments, whether in a house or apartment, in urban or rural areas. This breed thrives with love and attention from its owner, who should provide at least two walks per day, each lasting about 30 minutes, to ensure the dog's well-being.

An outdoor guardian

While adaptable to different environments, the Kangal Shepherd Dog enjoys having outdoor space to explore and expend energy freely. This helps it satisfy its curiosity and guard instincts, making it feel more at home in rural settings or homes with ample space.

Training the Kangal Shepherd Dog

an kangal shepherd dog being trained

A quick learner

The Kangal Shepherd Dog is intelligent and capable of learning quickly. Its training should focus on communication, understanding, and rewards.

The breed's protective nature can make it wary of new commands, so patience and consistency are key. To prevent losses or escapes, consider equipping the dog with a GPS collar.

a kangal held on a leash by someone

A dedicated protector

The Kangal Shepherd Dog's listening skills are well-suited for its guarding role. Early socialization and exposure to different environments are crucial to ensure it grows into a balanced and obedient dog.

Once properly trained, the Kangal Shepherd Dog's loyalty and protection instincts make it an invaluable companion and guardian.

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How to take care of the Kangal Shepherd Dog

The Kangal Shepherd Dog is generally a healthy breed, but it requires daily care to maintain its overall well-being. Regular veterinary check-ups are essential to monitor the dog's health, ensuring early detection and treatment of any potential issues.

The health of the Kangal Shepherd Dog

portrait of an kangal shepherd dog


The Kangal Shepherd Dog is typically robust, though it can be prone to certain health issues. Hip dysplasia and joint problems are common, particularly in older dogs, due to the breed's large size.

Additionally, the breed may suffer from gastric torsion (bloat) if overly active after meals, leading to a dangerous build-up of gas and liquid in the stomach. The Kangal Shepherd Dog has a life expectancy of 12-15 years.

grooming an kangal shepherd dog

Routine care

Routine care plays a significant role in maintaining the Kangal Shepherd Dog's health. Regular veterinary visits are crucial throughout the dog's life, ensuring it receives vaccinations, deworming, and parasite treatments as recommended by a vet.

Daily care includes brushing the coat to prevent matting, especially during seasonal shedding, cleaning the ears to avoid infections, dental care to prevent tartar build-up, and nail trimming to avoid injuries.

It is also essential to be aware of any potential allergies the breed may have and consult a vet for appropriate recommendations. This breed is not hypoallergenic.

Feeding the Kangal Shepherd Dog

a seated kangal shepherd dog

Daily requirements

Like all dogs, the Kangal Shepherd Dog has specific nutritional needs. A balanced diet is essential for maintaining its vitality and strength. Proteins and vitamins are particularly important to meet the dog's nutritional requirements, contributing to its overall health and well-being.

Premium kibble suitable for the Kangal Shepherd Dog provides a balanced dietary foundation, ensuring it receives the nutrients needed. If additional protein is necessary, consider supplementing the diet with lean white or red meat, while limiting fats to avoid weight gain.


What does a Kangal Shepherd Dog cost?

The Kangal Shepherd Dog is a well-regarded breed, particularly known for its protective nature. There are several breeders available, offering a range of options. It's important to consider several factors before adopting.

How to choose your Kangal Shepherd Dog

three kangal puppies side by side

Finding the right breeder

Before adopting a Kangal Shepherd Dog, consider several important factors. Selecting a reputable breeder is crucial, and visiting their premises helps assess the dogs' living conditions and behavior. The health of the puppy and its parents is essential, and breeders should provide transparent information about any illnesses in its lineage.

Lastly, you must have your dog microchipped by the age of 8 weeks old and have their details registered on a relevant database like Petlog or Animal Tracker. This is a legal requirement in Great Britain, and non-compliance could result in a

fine. For microchipping, consult your veterinarian. Alternatively, any Blue Cross center will offer this service free of charge.

an kangal shepherd dog looking back

Le coût d’un Berger d'Anatolie

The acquisition cost of a Kangal Shepherd Dog can vary based on several factors, including lineage, pedigree, the reputation of the breeder, and the age of the dog. A puppy can range from


from a breeder.

Additionally, maintaining this breed involves costs for veterinary care, food, and grooming, totaling around



Which dog breed is right for you?

Which dog breed is right for you?

Take the test to find out!

Choosing a dog that matches your personality and lifestyle will ensure your well-being and his!