a beauceron on the grass

Introducing the Beauceron

Discover all there is to know about the Beauceron: its characteristics, behavior, training, and its cost.

The Beauceron

The Beauceron: a versatile and loyal guardian

picture of a bauceron

The Beauceron, also known as the Berger de Beauce, originated in 16th century France. This breed, initially bred for herding and guarding livestock, is now among the most respected and loved worldwide due to its intelligence and versatility.

Beaucerons are renowned for their bravery and aptitude in many areas, including herding, hunting, companionship, and rescue operations. They are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and protective nature.

Loyal and affectionate, Beaucerons form deep bonds with their families and are known for their sociability and displays of affection. They thrive on companionship and are friendly with both people and other animals when properly socialized.


This section outlines the unique features of the Beauceron breed of dog.


The Beauceron belongs to the herding group, which includes dogs bred for managing livestock. These dogs are known for their intelligence, agility, and strong work ethic. The Beauceron's temperament is loyal and protective.


The Beauceron is a large dog. They typically stand between 24 to 27.5 inches tall at the withers and weigh between 70 to 110 pounds.

Coat length

Beaucerons have a short, dense coat. Their fur is smooth and weather-resistant, providing excellent protection against the elements.

Coat color

The Beauceron's coat can vary, with the most common color being black and tan. Some Beaucerons also have a harlequin coat, featuring a mix of black, gray, and tan shades.

Living environment

Beaucerons adapt well to various environments but thrive best in homes with plenty of space and access to the outdoors. They require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy.


Beaucerons are friendly and sociable dogs. They are generally good with children and can get along well with other animals when properly socialized.


The Beauceron is generally a healthy breed. However, they can be predisposed to joint issues and certain allergies. Regular veterinary check-ups are important to maintain their health.


The Beauceron is an intelligent and trainable breed. They respond well to positive reinforcement and require a kind, patient approach to training. Consistency and firmness, combined with affection, yield the best results.

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Physical characteristics

The Beauceron: A balanced and noble guardian

Beaucerons are large, well-balanced, and sturdy dogs. Their short, dense coat is typically black and tan, with some dogs exhibiting a harlequin pattern. The breed's face is characterized by a strong, intelligent expression, often highlighted by their alert, dark eyes.

Size and weight of the Beauceron

a running beauceron

The Beauceron is a substantial dog breed. Female Beaucerons usually stand between 24 and 26.5 inches tall, while males can reach up to 27.5 inches.

As for weight, female Beaucerons typically weigh between 70 and 90 pounds, whereas males can weigh up to 110 pounds.

Beauceron puppies grow at a moderate pace, reaching significant milestones quickly. In the first few months, they experience rapid growth, but they typically achieve their final size and weight by the age of 2 to 3 years. This gradual development ensures they grow into their strong, balanced adult forms

The coat of the Beauceron

a beauceron sitting

Coat length

The Beauceron has a short, dense coat that is smooth and close-lying. The fur is relatively short, providing a sleek and streamlined appearance. Despite its length, the coat is quite thick, offering excellent protection against the elements.

Coat color

The Beauceron typically has a coat that adheres to a specific color palette. The most common colors are black and tan, although some Beaucerons exhibit a harlequin pattern, which includes a mix of black, gray, and tan.

a beauceron lying on the grass with a towel on him

Coat care

Maintaining the Beauceron's coat is relatively straightforward. The breed has a short coat with a dense undercoat that requires regular care. Beaucerons shed moderately throughout the year, with increased shedding during the spring and autumn molt.

To keep their coat in optimal condition, regular brushing is essential—ideally, once a week. This helps remove loose hairs and reduces shedding. Although their coat is naturally resistant to dirt, occasional baths, every three to four months, are recommended to keep them clean and their skin healthy.

Other characteristics of the Beauceron

a beauceron who is standing up straight

Physical features

The Beauceron is a balanced, well-proportioned dog with a strong and athletic build. The head of the Beauceron is well-defined, with a slightly rounded skull and a powerful, elongated muzzle.

The eyes of the Beauceron are typically dark brown, almond-shaped, and convey an intelligent and alert expression. The ears are set high on the head, either naturally hanging or cropped to stand erect, depending on regional preferences and regulations.

The body of the Beauceron is muscular and robust, reflecting its heritage as a working dog. They have a deep chest, strong legs, and a slightly arched back, contributing to their powerful and agile appearance. The tail is usually carried low, reaching to the hock and forming a slight curve at the tip.

Temperament & behaviour

What is the temperament of the Beauceron?

The Beauceron is known for its loyalty, protective instincts, and affectionate nature. These traits make them excellent companions and reliable guardians.

Beauceron category

two beaucerons sitting quietly side by side

There are currently no fewer than 400 breeds of dog, divided into 10 groups. Each group is made up of breeds with shared features.

The Beauceron belongs to group 1, which includes herding dogs and cattle dogs. This group encompasses breeds like the German Shepherd, Border Collie, and Australian Cattle Dog. Dogs in this group are known for their intelligence, agility, and strong herding instincts.

Common characteristics of herding dogs include high energy levels, keen intelligence, and a strong desire to work. These breeds are typically very trainable and excel in activities that require precision and coordination. They are also known for their protective nature and strong bond with their owners.

Beaucerons exhibit these qualities prominently. They possess a highly developed instinct for herding, remarkable intelligence, and a docile, gentle, and affectionate demeanor. Their primary role has traditionally been herding and guarding livestock, but they also excel as search and rescue dogs and loyal family companions.

Behavior of the Beauceron

a beauceron playing with his little one

A loyal guardian

The Beauceron is a remarkable breed known for its loyalty and protective nature. These dogs are incredibly devoted to their owners, displaying affection through their attentive and watchful behavior. Beaucerons thrive best when they have a present and attentive owner who can provide the necessary time and care for their development. Their independent yet affectionate demeanor requires an owner who can balance attention with respect for the dog's autonomy.

a beauceron sitting on the sand

Sociable and generous

Beaucerons are naturally sociable dogs that get along well with humans and other animals. They are known for their generosity of spirit and enjoy forming bonds with people. This breed is particularly good with children, making them excellent family companions. However, to ensure their sociability and well-rounded nature, it is important to work on their social skills from a young age. Early socialization helps Beaucerons grow into well-adjusted adults who are comfortable and friendly in various situations.

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The Beauceron's living environment

a beauceron walks with his/her owner

Versatile living companion

The Beauceron is highly adaptable and can thrive in various living situations, whether in an apartment, house, urban, or rural environment. However, to keep a Beauceron happy, owners must provide ample attention and interaction. Regular exercise is crucial, with at least two walks a day, each lasting around 45 minutes.

An outdoor enthusiast

While adaptable, Beaucerons are naturally inclined towards environments where they can explore and expend their energy freely. They benefit significantly from having access to outdoor spaces, such as gardens or nearby parks, to satisfy their curiosity and need for physical activity. This breed thrives when it can run, play, and engage in stimulating activities, making a spacious outdoor area ideal for their well-being.

Training the Beauceron

a beauceron who catches a ball thrown in the air

An intelligent and trainable breed

The Beauceron is an exceptionally intelligent breed, known for its ease of learning and quick memorization of commands. Their superior intelligence allows them to excel in various training disciplines, from obedience to agility. Training a Beauceron should be based on positive reinforcement, using rewards and praise to encourage good behavior. Given their strong protective instincts, it's also wise to equip them with a GPS collar to prevent losses or escapes.

a beauceron running on the grass

Excellent listeners with unique training needs

Beaucerons have excellent listening qualities, making them highly responsive to training when approached correctly. They thrive on consistency and structure, needing clear commands and regular routines. Socialization is crucial for this breed, as their protective nature requires early and continuous exposure to different environments, people, and other animals to ensure they develop well-rounded social skills.

Their unique training characteristics include a strong work ethic and a natural desire to please their owners. With proper training, Beaucerons can become incredibly obedient and reliable companions, suitable for various roles, including herding, search and rescue, and as family pets.

Health & nutrition

How to take care of the Beauceron?

The Beauceron is generally a healthy and robust breed. Daily care and attention are essential to maintain their health and prevent diseases and infections. Regular grooming, proper nutrition, and consistent veterinary check-ups play a crucial role in preserving the Beauceron's well-being.

The health of the Beauceron

a beauceron sitting on a table


The Beauceron is typically a healthy breed, known for its robustness and resilience. However, like all breeds, they can be prone to specific health issues. Common health problems in Beaucerons include hip dysplasia, a condition where the hip joint doesn't fit into the hip socket properly, and gastric torsion (bloat), a serious condition where the stomach twists and traps gas inside. Additionally, some Beaucerons may develop allergies or skin conditions. The typical lifespan of a Beauceron ranges from 10 to 12 years.

a beauceron sitting on the snow

Routine care

Regular veterinary care is vital for the Beauceron's health. Routine check-ups, vaccinations, deworming, and parasite treatments should be administered as recommended by the vet. Daily care includes brushing the coat weekly to remove loose hair and prevent matting, cleaning the ears to avoid infections, maintaining dental hygiene by brushing the teeth several times a week, and trimming the nails to prevent overgrowth and discomfort. Although the Beauceron is not a hypoallergenic breed, being aware of potential allergies and consulting a vet for appropriate recommendations is crucial for their overall health and well-being.

Feeding the Beauceron

a beauceron licks a candy that someone hands him

Daily requirements

Every dog breed has specific nutritional needs, and a balanced diet is essential for maintaining the vitality and strength of the Beauceron. A diet rich in proteins and vitamins is crucial to meet the nutritional requirements of this active and robust breed. Premium kibble tailored to large breeds is recommended as it provides a well-balanced dietary foundation.

For additional protein needs, you can supplement their diet with lean white and red meats, ensuring fats are kept to a minimum. This supplementation can be particularly beneficial for highly active Beaucerons. Maintaining a balanced diet helps keep your Beauceron in peak health and condition, supporting their high energy levels and muscular build.

Breeding or adoption & cost

What does a Beauceron cost?

The Beauceron is a well-regarded breed, known for its loyalty, intelligence, and versatility. There are several breeders available for this breed. It's important to consider several factors before adopting.

How to choose your Beauceron

a beauceron playing with his little one

Finding the right breeder

Before adopting a Beauceron, there are some important points to consider. First and foremost, you need to check that the breeder is reputable. This means visiting the breeder's premises to assess the living conditions and behavior of the dogs. Ensure that the puppy and its parents are all healthy. Breeders have a duty to be honest with you about the puppy's health and any illnesses in its lineage.

Lastly, you must have your dog microchipped by the age of 8 weeks old and have their details registered on a relevant database like Petlog or Animal Tracker. This is a legal requirement in Great Britain, and you could face a

fine if you don't comply. Your vet can microchip your dog for a small fee; alternatively, any Blue Cross center will do it for free.

a beauceron standing up straight

The price of a Beauceron

The acquisition cost of a Beauceron can vary based on several factors. Factors such as lineage, pedigree, the reputation of the breeder, and the age of the dog can influence the purchase price. Beauceron puppies typically cost between


from a breeder.

In addition to the initial cost, maintaining a Beauceron involves ongoing expenses. These include veterinary fees, food, grooming, and other care costs, which can amount to approximately



By considering these factors and making informed decisions, you can ensure a healthy and happy life for your new Beauceron companion.

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Choosing a dog that matches your personality and lifestyle will ensure your well-being and his!