un border collie dans la foret

Présentation du Border Collie

Découvrez tout ce qu’il faut savoir sur le Border Collie : ses caractéristiques, son comportement, son éducation, son prix.

THE BORDER COLLIE

The Border Collie, the ultimate herding master

a beautiful Border Collie sitting in the grass

The Border Collie, hailing from the Scotland-England borderlands, is bred for intelligence and herding. Popular in the UK for its agility and work ethic, this breed excels from farms to agility sports and search and rescue missions. Known for their loyalty and affection, Border Collies make great pets, thriving on interaction and eager to learn. They're perfect for active families, providing companionship and excelling in various tasks due to their remarkable intelligence.

BORDER COLLIE FACT FILE

This section presents the distinctive characteristics of the Border Collie breed.

Group

Border Collies, belonging to the herding group (1), are celebrated for their intelligence and responsiveness, making them perfect for agility, obedience, and sheepdog trials.

Size

With a height of 18 to 22 inches and a weight of 30 to 45 pounds, Border Collies are agile and ideal for herding tasks.

Coat length

Their coat, varying from short to medium, can be smooth or rough, coming in colors like black and white, blue merle, and red.

Coat color

Border Collies' coats can display a remarkable variety of colors. The most common is black and white, but they can also be blue merle, red, brindle, and many other colors.

Living environment

They thrive in spaces where they can be mentally and physically active, adaptable to both rural and suburban settings

Sociability

Known for their sociability, Border Collies are great with families, children, and other animals, especially when socialized early.

Health

Generally healthy with a lifespan of 12 to 15 years, they may have predispositions to conditions like hip dysplasia.

Training

Highly trainable with a keen intelligence, they respond well to positive reinforcement and require early socialization.

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PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

The Border Collie, agility embodied

Border Collies are medium-sized, perfectly balanced dogs known for their athletic build and intelligent gaze. Their coats range from classic black and white to blue merle, highlighting their unique looks. The intensity in their eyes reflects their strong herding heritage.

Size and weight of the Border Collie

a Border Collie standing in a field

Border Collies present a harmonious blend of size and agility. Females stand between 18 to 21 inches, while males are slightly taller, ranging from 19 to 22 inches. In terms of weight, females generally tip the scales at 30 to 40 pounds, and males at 35 to 45 pounds. Border Collies grow quickly, reaching close to their full size around 6 to 8 months, with their growth generally plateauing by 12 months. This rapid development underscores their swift transition from playful puppies to adept herders and agile companions.

The coat of the Border Collie

Two beautiful beige and brown Border Collies

Coat Length

Border Collies boast a double coat that varies from smooth to rough, featuring a dense undercoat for insulation against the elements. Their fur can be short across the body but with slight feathering on the legs, chest, and tail, providing a sleek yet rugged appearance suited to their active lifestyle.

Coat color

The Border Collie's coat presents a diverse color palette, ranging from the classic black and white to blue merle, red, and brindle. This variety showcases the breed's unique genetic diversity, with each color pattern having its own appeal.

Portrait of a Border Collie sitting outside

Coat care

Maintaining a Border Collie's coat requires regular attention due to its length and the thickness of its undercoat. They shed moderately throughout the year, with seasonal peaks during spring and fall when they molt more heavily. Regular brushing, at least several times a week, is crucial to remove loose fur and prevent matting, especially in the rough-coated variety. While Border Collies are not high-maintenance in terms of bathing, they should be bathed as needed, generally every few months or when they get particularly dirty from outdoor activities. Their practical coat does well with a quick brush to remove dirt and debris, keeping them clean and comfortable.

Other characteristics of the Border Collie

A Border Collie seen from above sitting on the grass

Physical features

The Border Collie is the epitome of balance and agility, with a well-proportioned body that exudes strength and grace. The head is characterized by a distinct, broad skull tapering to a refined muzzle, showcasing the breed's intelligence and alertness. Their eyes, often described as mesmerizing, are medium-sized, set well apart, and vary in color from dark brown to blue, sometimes differing in color in the same dog, especially in merles. These eyes reflect an intense gaze, a hallmark of their herding heritage. The ears of a Border Collie are typically semi-erect, with the tips folding forward, although some variations exist, contributing to their expressive appearance. The body boasts a solid frame with a deep chest and a marked waist, highlighting their muscular build and agility, designed for hours of active work in varied terrains.

TEMPERAMENT & BEHAVIOUR

What is the temperament of the Border Collie?

Border Collies are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and high energy levels, making them exceptionally responsive and eager companions.

Border Collie category

A Border Collie running with a stick in its mouth

There are over 340 recognized dog breeds, divided into 10 groups according to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). The Border Collie falls into the herding group, which encompasses breeds developed primarily for herding and controlling livestock. This group includes breeds such as the Australian Shepherd, Shetland Sheepdog, and German Shepherd. Dogs within the herding category are celebrated for their intelligence, trainability, and work-oriented nature. They possess a natural instinct for managing the movement of other animals, a task they approach with focus and determination. Border Collies, in particular, stand out for their remarkable intelligence, agility, and the strong desire to work closely with their human counterparts. Their primary role has traditionally been to herd livestock, but their versatility and quick learning ability have made them capable of much more, excelling in various canine sports and activities.

Behaviour of the Border Collie

Two Border Collies cuddling up

Energetic and devoted companions

Border Collies are the epitome of vitality and dedication. Known for their boundless energy and keen intelligence, these dogs thrive in environments where they can engage in physical and mental activities. Their affection towards their owners is profound, often forming an unbreakable bond. Border Collies require an owner who is not only present but actively participates in their daily exercise and training routines. This involvement is crucial for their emotional and mental well-being, as they crave tasks that challenge them and opportunities to learn.

A Border Collie with its head tilted

Social butterflies with a herding instinct

Border Collies are exceptionally sociable and generous in spirit. They are known to get along well with humans, including being wonderful companions for children, thanks to their patient and protective nature. However, their herding instinct may surface around young children and other pets, showcasing their tendency to herd moving objects or beings. This behavior underscores the importance of early socialization and training to channel their instincts positively. By fostering their social skills from a young age, Border Collies can learn to interact harmoniously with other animals and people, making them well-rounded family members.

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The Border Collie's living environment

A Border Collie puppy running

Versatile living, active companionship

The Border Collie possesses a remarkable ability to adapt to various living situations, from apartments to sprawling rural homes. However, the key to their happiness isn't the size of the living space but the quantity and quality of attention and engagement they receive from their owners. Border Collies thrive on interaction and require substantial daily exercise, with walks ideally lasting at least an hour to satisfy their high energy levels and sharp minds.

The need for space and stimulus

Despite their adaptability, Border Collies greatly benefit from having access to outdoor spaces where they can explore, play, and engage in physical activities. An environment that allows them to satisfy their curiosity and expend energy is crucial. Whether it's a securely fenced yard or regular visits to the park, providing opportunities for off-leash exercise in a safe area is essential for their physical and mental well-being. This setting not only allows them to run and play but also to practice the herding and agility skills that are so deeply ingrained in their nature.

Training the Border Collie

A Border Collie sitting with its master

Mastering training with intelligence and agility

The Border Collie stands out for its exceptional learning capabilities and superior intelligence, often regarded as the most trainable of all dog breeds. Their keen mind and eagerness to please make training not only essential but also highly rewarding. Given their active nature and need for mental stimulation, training sessions should be varied and challenging to prevent boredom. Incorporating a GPS collar can be particularly useful for Border Collies, known for their speed and agility, to ensure their safety during outdoor adventures and prevent any chances of them straying too far during off-leash activities.

SANTÉ & ALIMENTATION

Comment prendre soin du Border Collie ?

Le Border Collie a une excellente résistance ! La race possède tout de même quelques prédispositions.

Santé du Border Collie

Un Border Collie la tête dans l'herbe

Ses maladies

Le Border Collie est un chien robuste avec une santé solide dans son ensemble. Au cours de sa vie, il peut souffrir d’une dysplasie de la hanche ou d’arthrose.

Comme le Berger Australien, le Border Collie peut souffrir de maladies oculaires comme l’atrophie de la rétine progressive, le décollement de la rétine ou encore l’anomalie de l’œil du Colley. Puis, à sa naissance, le Border Collie peut naître avec le gène merle qui apporte au chiot une couleur blanche, des yeux bleus et la truffe rosée. Ainsi, 25 % de ces chiots sont aveugles ou sourds.

Enfin, ce grand hyperactif peut souffrir de torsion d’estomac s’il ne prend pas le temps de digérer calmement.

Le Border Collie a une espérance de vie située entre 10 ans et 14 ans. Ce n’est pas une race hypoallergénique.

Un Border Collie de profil en forêt

Les soins du quotidien

Au-delà des dépistages et des traitements contre les maladies graves, il est important de prendre soin de votre Border Collie au quotidien. En effet, il faut tenir ses vaccins à jour contre les maladies courantes comme la rage et le vermifuger 3 à 4 fois par an.

Puis, il faut veiller à l’entretien de ses oreilles, ses griffes et ses dents pour éviter les infections.

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Alimentation du Border Collie

Un chiot Border Collie qui court au milieu d'herbe et de fleurs

Ses besoins au quotidien

Le Border Collie doit avoir une alimentation qualitative pour préserver sa vivacité et sa santé. Il est conseillé de le nourrir avec des croquettes premium composées de tous les nutriments dont il a besoin. Son alimentation doit surtout être adaptée à son activité physique. Si votre Border Collie se dépense beaucoup, il doit recevoir une alimentation riche en protéines et en vitamines.

Dès son plus jeune âge, il faut veiller à lui donner des croquettes spéciales croissance, adaptées à son poids et à son activité et à rationner ses repas sur la journée.

Un Border Collie qui joue avec son maître

Surveillez son poids

Même avec une activité physique intense, le Border Collie peut être sujet à l’embonpoint. Il faut donc éviter de le nourrir avec une alimentation à base de plats cuisinés.

ÉLEVAGE OU ADOPTION & COÛTS

Combien coûte un Border Collie ?

Depuis quelques années, le Border Collie est une race prisée pour sa force, sa vivacité d’esprit et son élégance naturelle. On trouve des élevages partout en France.

Bien choisir son Border Collie

Un Border Collie allongé dans la neige

Trouver le bon élevage

Le Border Collie est une race qui a le vent en poupe faisant partie des races les plus appréciées des Français ! On peut trouver facilement un élevage et adopter son compagnon. Cependant, il est important de veiller au sérieux et au professionnalisme de ceux-ci. Avant d’adopter votre Border Collie, il faut visiter l’élevage pour observer les conditions de vie et l’apparence des chiens. Il est essentiel que les examens de santé soient à jour et que le chien soit enregistré au LOF.

Un Border Collie la tête penché sur le côté

Le coût d’un Border Collie

Un chiot Border Collie coûte entre

et

. Il faut également prendre en compte le coût d’entretien annuel de votre compagnon, comprenant ses soins, son alimentation et ses activités. Pour un Border Collie, il faut compter entre

et

.

Les démarches légales post-adoption

Avant l’âge de 4 mois pour un chien, il faut obligatoirement procéder à son identification, par tatouage ou par puce électronique. C’est sa carte d’identité qui permet de connaître son nom, sa date de naissance et les informations sur son propriétaire. Une fois l’animal identifié, une déclaration au Fichier National d’Identification des Carnivores Domestiques (I-Cad) est réalisée par un vétérinaire. Puis, si vous avez peur que votre Border Collie se sauve, vous pouvez l’équiper d’un traceur GPS.

Un magnifique chiot Border Collie marron et blanc

L’adoption d’un Border Collie doit être mûrement réfléchie. En effet, c’est un chien avec des besoins très spécifiques et son maître doit être disponible, attentif, sportif et avoir quelques connaissances en éducation canine. L’adoption résulte d’un réel engagement sur la durée. Une fois que vous avez adopté votre Border Collie, c’est pour la vie !

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